The place became her residence after the divorce in 1809. The general assumption is that she had about 250 roses in her garden when she died in 1814. Unfortunately the roses were not catalogued during her tenure. Josephine’s Bengal rose R. indica had black spots on it as shown in “Les Roses”, Redoute’s paintings. She produced the first written history of the cultivation of roses, and is believed to have hosted the first rose exhibition in 1810. Modern hybridization of roses through artificial, controlled pollination began with Josephine’s horticulturalist Andre Dupont. Of the roughly 200 types of roses known to Josephine, Dupont had created 25 while in her employ. Subsequent French hybridizers created over 1000 new rose cultivars in the 30 years after Josephine’s death. The rose ‘Souvenir de la Malmaison’ appeared in 1844. It was named in her honor by a Russian Grand Duke, and one of the first specimens was planted in the Imperial Garden in St. Petersburg. empress-josephines-rose-garden / Chateau_de_Malmaison Malmaison
During the month of June, and only during this month, everyone interested can visit this conservatory of rare varietals and discover his unique collection of ancient French roses. The conservatory is open every day during the following hours: 10 am-noon and 2-6 pm.